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上策留学-GREArgument写作汇总

来源:http://www.shangceliuxue.cn/news/63/223.html 编辑:刘哲 发布时间:2017-12-06 关注度:0
GRE写作部分,让许多中国考生抓狂,中国考生的英语写作基础相对薄弱,输入量不够大,以至于在考场上构思写作时总是焦头烂额,以至于最后得分不乐观,总是在3分左右徘徊。所以小编在接下来的两个月内,会每周为大家总结整理GRE考试相关内容,供大家学习参考进步。

GRE写作部分,让许多中国考生抓狂,中国考生的英语写作基础相对薄弱,输入量不够大,以至于在考场上构思写作时总是焦头烂额,以至于最后得分不乐观,总是在3分左右徘徊。所以小编在接下来的两个月内,会每周为大家总结整理GRE考试相关内容,供大家学习参考进步。




1

Woven basket characterzied by a partcular distinctive pattern have previously been found only in the immediate vicinity of the prehistoric village of Palea and therefore were believed to have been made only by the Palean people. Recently, however, archaeologists discovered such a "Palean" basket in Lithos, an ancient village across the Brim River from Palea. The Brim River is very deep and broad, and so the ancient Paleans could have crossed it only by boat, and no Palean boats have been found. Thus it follows that the so-called Palean baskets were not uniquely Palean. Write a response in which you discuss what sepcific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the arguement.

Argument提纲

Palea的居民没有来过Lithos,虽然P无法过河,但论者没有说是否只有过河,才能到达L,论者指出河很深,而P没船,但论者没有提供史前时代这条河的状况,很有可能这条大河在史前并不存在或是很浅,第二即使有这条河,P也可能使用一些简便的工具,例如木板,过河。

篮子出现在Brim,一定是Palea的居民所为?论者认为P没有到过这里,所以这些篮子不是P的,但就算P没有到过这里,论者也么有提供证据其他人不会把P的篮子带到这里来,比如说P的后人。


2


The following appeared as part of a letter to the editor of a scientific journal.

A recent study of eighteen rhesus monkeys provides clues as to the effects of birth order on an individual's levels of stimulation. The study showed that in stimulating situations( such as an encounter with an unfmailiar monkey), firstborn infant monkeys produce up to twice as much of the hormone cortisol, which primes the body for increased activity levels, as do their younger siblings. Firstborn humans also produce relatively high levels of cortisol in stimulating situations( such as the return of a parent after an absence). The study also found that during pregnanct, first-time mother monkeys had higher levels of cortisol than did those who had had several offspring.

Write a response in which you discuss one or more alternative expalnations that could rival the proposed explanation and explain how your explanations can plausibly account for the facts presented in the argument.

Argument提纲

头胎出生的年龄一般比他的兄弟姐妹要大,个体更大,分泌量自然越高。比如头胎生的猴子年龄大,本来激素水平就高于她的兄弟姐妹,但等到兄弟姐妹到他这个年龄,说不定激素分泌更高。所以说这个argu没有形成单条件变量的control 实验,就不能形成确定的定论。

此argu还忽略了后天环境的影响,先出生的婴儿经历要更多,分泌的激素自然受到其他后天条件的影响。



3


The following appeared as a letter to the editor from a Central Plaza store owner.

Over the past two years, the number of shoppers in Central Plaza has been steadily decreasing while the popularity of skateboarding has increased dramatically. Many Central Plaza store owners believe that the decrase in their business is due to the number of skateboard users in the plaza. There has also been a dramatic increase in the amount of litter and vadalism throught the plaza. Thus, we recommend that the city prohibit skateboarding in Central Plaza. If skateboarding is prohibited here, we predict that business in Central Plaza will return to its previously high levels.

Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result. Be sure to explain how the answers to these questions would help to evaluate the recommendation.

Argument提纲

人们不爱去广场的原因是什么?很有可能因果关系倒置,是因为广场上没有人,人们才滑滑板。即使禁止了滑板运动也不一定会有作用,人们也可能不去广场。

没有直接的证据表明垃圾的数量和破坏公物的事件是由玩滑板的人造成的,即使是,禁止滑板运动就能减少垃圾数量了吗?

4


The following appeared in a letter from a homeowner to a friend.

Of the two leading real estate firms in our town-Adams Realty and Fitch Realty-Adams Realty is clearly superior. Adams has 40 real estate agents, in contrast, Fitch has 25, many of whom work only part-time. Moreover, Adams' revenue last year was twice as high as that of Fitch and included home sales that averaged $168000, compared to Fitch's $144000. Homes listed with Adams sell faster as well: 10 years ago I listed my home with Fitch and it took more than four months to sell, last year when I sold another home I listed it with Adams, and it took only one month. Thus, if you want to sell your home quickly and at a good price, you should use Adams Realty.

Write a response in which you examine the stated and unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on these assumptions and what the implications are for the argument if the assumptions prove unwarranted.

Argument提纲

Adam40个员工总的工作时间小于Fitch25个兼职员工的总工作时间的2倍,即Adan员工平均工作时间小于Fitch兼职员工的工作时间的1.25倍,只有这样,Adam的总收入是Fitch的总收入的2倍才能说明Adam的员工工作效率更高。

两个公司出售的大多数房子基本属于同一类别,同一地段,同样大小,这样平均价格更高才能说明销售人员更有能力为客户赚钱。

去年房地产市场和10年前相比,有很多变化,因此只有形式相同,才能说明卖房更快的销售能力越高。

5


Arctic deer live on islands in Canada's arctic regions. They search for food by moving over ice from island to island during the course of the year. Their habitat is limited to areas warm enough to sustain the plants on which they feed and cold enough, at least some of the year, for the ice to cover the sea separating the islands, allowing the deer to travel over it. Unfortunately, according to reports from local huners, the deer populations are declining. Since these reports coincide with recent global warming trends that have caused the sea ice to melt, we can conclude that the purported decline in deer populations is the result of the deer's being unable to follow their age-old migration patterns across the frozen sea.

Write a response in which you discuess what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidnece would weaken or stranthen the argument.

Argument提纲

当地猎人报告的准确性值得怀疑,因为很有可能猎人只是因为打不到鹿,认为鹿的数目在下降。

全球变暖的趋势也许对于作者所提到的特定区域没有影响。

鹿的数量减少也许还有其他原因。

气候变化不一定会导致鹿的数量减少,鹿也许能够通过其他的方式适应新环境。




6


The following is a recommendation from the borad of directors of monarch books.

We recommend that Monarch Books open a cafe in its store. Monarch, having been in business at the same location for more than twenty years, has a large customer bas because it is known for its wide selection of books on all subjects. Clearly, opening the cafe would attract more customers. Space could be made for the cafe by discontinuing the children's book section, which will probably become less popular given that the most recent national census indicated a significant decline in the percentage of the population under age ten. Opening a cafe will allow Monarch to attract more customers and better compete with Regal Books, which recently opened its own cafe.

Write a response in which you discuss what questions would need to be answered in order to decide whether the recommendation is likely to have the predicted result.

Argument提纲

全国调查是否能代表当地?儿童数量的减少一定导致儿童书籍销量减少?(当地如果恰恰是增加呢?)

咖啡屋的成本以及会带来的收益效果?

RE咖啡屋的效果怎么样?如果RE残端精英,那么不值得模仿。


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